Physical therapy, short called as physiotherapy, is a therapy in the health care and the treatment modality that helps the sick, injured, or people with disabilities recover and restore movement and function in its highest form of potentiality. These objectives can be achieved through education of customers in different modalities such as exercises of motion, physical orientation and manual therapy. Physiotherapy is able to serve and reach customers who are from different social classes and ages, helping a range of clients in the management of their disabilities, while the prevention of serious complications of the event. In addition, the physical therapy focuses his method in a holistic manner, the direct involvement of customers in their own care to achieve a better quality of life.
Who carries out the physical therapy sessions?
The only trained and licensed to carry out physiotherapy sessions professionally are physiotherapists. They are capable of working in different areas of specialization of the PT as:
Neurology (including stroke)
Intensive care units
Long term disability
General health (including incontinence)
Rehabilitation after major surgery
Orthopedics and Traumatology unit
Pediatric and geriatric care
Health education and promotion
Physiotherapists are now considered a part of the multidisciplinary team of health of a client. They can also play their trade in community-based organizations, public and private hospitals, clinics, industrial workplaces, sports clinics and even charities.
What health problems can be treated with physical therapy?
Physical therapist can perform different physical forms and treatments in order to intervene with disorders related to the various systems of organs in the body, including:
Neuromuscular system - Stroke, multiple sclerosis, Gullaine - Barre
Musculoskeletal System - sprains, strains, ACL injuries
Cardiovascular system - heart, angina pectoris attacks
Respiratory system - atelectasis, among other lung, trachea or larynx disorders and injuries
What activities can be performed by physiotherapists?
The following are some of the activities and details of which are included in physiotherapy:
Physics and range of motion exercises, while taking into account the level of the current health of the client
The manual therapy, in helping the recovery of customer by the use of the hands of the PT in relief of muscle stiffness and pain, encouraging at the same time the flow of blood to the affected part of the body
Other forms of health such as acupuncture to relieve body pain
It is possible that you have seen people with artificial legs and arms to its around. These are the people who chose to have prostheses in order to keep her life as normal as possible. What are the reasons for a prosthesis and why use them people?
The main reason why a person needs prosthesis is amputation. This is the medical procedure in which a part of the body, usually the arms or legs, is eliminated. The reason for the removal may be for several reasons. One is diabetes. This is a medical condition which gradually damages the cells of the body. If does not stop the spread, the entire body including the organs will be seriously affected. This is the reason why people with severe diabetes should avoid open wounds. Another is the cancer. Cancer cells work killing healthy cells in the body. It spreads rapidly by what must be stopped immediately. One of the fastest ways to halt the spread is by the amputation of part of the body that has already been severely affected.
Another reason for a prosthesis is a part of the body lost due to accidents. Traffic accidents, for example, can damage bones severely. In some cases, the bones become chopped and are impossible to put back together again. Your doctor may suggest to completely remove that part and replace it with one artificial. It is more practical as the artificial are easier to treat. This is the reason why there are to be careful all the time and you should avoid accidents as much as possible.
When you have a prosthesis, there are several things that must be done to keep the artificial part of the body in good condition. First, it is necessary to always check it and examine it. Depending on the type of material used, it may have cracks or you can carry out after several months or years. If you feel that something is wrong, you should report immediately to your doctor to get it repaired immediately. Secondly, you need to lubricate the joint of prosthesis from time to time. This will make easier movements. However, in the event that the joint becomes a little loose, you need to go to your doctor and they have adjusted it. Thirdly, it is necessary to always keep it clean. To measure your health how to clean correctly but usually soapy water will do the trick. Fourthly, confirm what activities you can do with the prosthesis that is currently using. Some may not be designed for activities such as running or biking. If you need to make other activities, your doctor design most suitable for you.
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) using the principles of Freudian repression as his basis, asserts that you can evaluate a person's needs for power and achievement, ambition and his ability to solve the problem by generating conscious state and get to use his subject's repressed emotions to express their response to the tests given to him. This test is often used to assess individuals who apply for employment in fields such as law enforcement, the military, education, bureaucracy and other fields of national and international importance.
Thematic Apperception Test: An Overview
Two American psychologists Henry a. Murray and Christiana d. Morgan was responsible for the development of the size of the proyektif that is used to assess and analyze how a person thinks, what his thought pattern is, his attitude toward different situations, the capacity and the ability to observe the situation and the way in which the person is to respond to the different test materials that are intentionally vague in nature. TAT was developed in the 1930s at Harvard. It was after the second world war that the tests used more by psychoanalysts throughout the country to assist people who have been hurt emotionally by the war and its impact. In the 1970s, TAT became a tool in the world, where people can understand themselves and help them grow, regardless of whether or not they have suffered any emotional trauma. TAT-test is one of the most widely used projections of psychology in the world along with the Rorschach method.
TAT using 31 cards with pictures. Each card has a picture of man in different situations. These images are generally provocative without directly or pointing in a certain direction. Of the 31 pictures shown to the subject, it's ten determined by gender. Although initially, the card is designed in a way that psychologists can pick ten cards depending on the age and gender of the subject is undergoing tests, all of the cards, which is vague in nature, can be used for a wide variety of themes. Using a special card to the subject though, can deliver better results. The person indicated the cards needed to develop a story about the pictures being shown. For the proper interpretation, the subject or the person who is being shown cards, need to include the following features when telling stories.
Psikometri testing conducted for the assessment of personality or mental abilities. Daily life example of where these tests used include the recruitment process. Psychological thinking and mental abilities of candidates can be assessed with this test. This is the Office-based tests can also be done with the help of a software application. Depending on the depth of this test, the question may be simple or complex. Most of the simple test takes 15 minutes to complete. Let's understand what psikometri used to test and the nature of these tests from the information presented below.
Psikometri Testing: A Review
Assessment of a person's ability to solve problems and to get to know more about his/her personality is the main goal of the psikometri test. Questions to test a person's ability/skills expected to be answered in a way that is tied to time. Personality tests aim to understand more about the characteristics/traits of the person concerned. More than just understanding what the test psikometri, information relating to the different aspects to be useful.
Assessment of abilities: abilities and skills possessed by a person is tested by means of the test with time-bound objective approach. Cognitive ability is tested in this test are categorized as conceptual, verbal, numerical, spatial, emotional and mechanical.
Conceptual reasoning: intelligence aspects of the candidate's given fluid is important in the assessment of the conceptual reasoning process. Testing the ability to understand complex information and use it for troubleshooting purposes.
The personality of a man played an important role in all communication, and social skills play a significant role in one's life. The psychoanalytic or psychoanalysis, by itself, which dikonotasikan as the techniques and theories are used to examine the underlying motives or issues, and even the logic of action and people's minds. Psychoanalysis is an important part of almost all significant and disciplines related psychology and psycho-dynamic psychotherapies. This brings us to the theory of psychoanalysis. This theory mainly covers some very diverse research and principles set by some academics. Although psychoanalytic theory or approach to studying human psychology embody the thinking of some of the works, the theory and coverage. The same basis represented by two pioneering works by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Although it is not possible to put the theory in a few paragraphs, the following is the abstract of my understanding. One must always bear in mind one very important thing when psychoanalytic theory affect, it's abstract, unexpected, and the discipline itself has an adventure that is contrary to the word of the infinite.
So broad is the scope and approach of the theory, that it was used, not only in psychology but is also a component of the disciplines and professions ranging from medicine, psychiatry, psychology, sociology, history, and anything that involves humans, large enough, right?
What is the theory of psychoanalytic
Ordinary people like you and me, it would be very uncomfortable to read Freud's works, since they are mostly associated with human sexuality in the most basic social institution-the family. But, believe it or not, regardless of the number of arguments and criticisms of Freud's works are regarded as pioneering work from the theory of psychoanalysis and approach. The basic thesis of this theory and approaches can be considered here.